Bottomland hardwood forests (BLH) have been severely altered or lost since European settlement. Restoring BLH forests must overcome multiple obstacles such as invasive species, altered hydrology, increased flooding, and damage by native wildlife such as white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus ). White-tailed deer populations have increased greatly since European settlement. Negative impacts on forest communities by browsing have been well documented. Knowledge on the deer effect on BLH forests, specifically restoration sites is limited, specifically through antler rubbing. This study is intended to quantify the extent in which white-tailed deer effect the basal diameter and height mean relative growth rates by excluding antler rubbing with tree guards. Mean relative growth rates for basal diameter, height, and the amount of deer damage were analyzed using ANOVA testing for the effect of species guard treatment, and their interaction. Mortality was analyzed using a logistic model, testing for the effects of species, guard, and their interaction. The results of this study indicate that white-tailed deer negatively impact the early growth and survival of BLH forest restoration sites.
|Advisor:||Minchin, Peter R.|
|Commitee:||Essner, Richard L., Schulz, Kurt E.|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 54/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Ecology, Conservation, Forestry|
|Keywords:||Antler, Hardwood, Restoration, Rubbing, White-tailed deer|
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