The aim of this study was to investigate a sensory intervention of moderate pressure touch on children with sensory modulation disorder on the outcomes of sleep behaviors and social participation. 50 children, aged 6-11 years, with both sensory modulation disorder and sleep difficulties were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group participants received three weeks of nightly massage by their parents. The parents filled out questionnaires reporting on sleep behaviors, sensory modulation, and social participation, as well as recording a sleep log, and determining goal attainment scaling goals. The questionnaires used were the Short Sensory Profile, the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire, the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Sensory Processing Measure social sub-section. Significant improvement was found between the total and sub-group scores of sleep and social participation measures. While obstructive sleep disorders remained unchanged, behavioral sleep difficulties of sleep onset, sleep anxiety, parasomnias, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness, as well as the total sleep scores ( F(1,48)=24.71, p<.001) improved. All social measures on the CBCL, with the exception of withdrawal, improved, with the internal scores = ( F(1,48)=15.74, p<.001) improving more than the external scores (F(1,48)= 14.03, p<.01). Hierarchical regression, R2, showed that the sensory related measures accounted for 13.8% of the change in social participation, p<.001. The results of this study suggest that moderate pressure touch can be used in clinical practice to improve both sleep and social participation in children with sensory modulation disorder.
|Commitee:||Marr, Deborah, Peirce, Catherine|
|School:||Nova Southeastern University|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-B 76/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Social psychology, Occupational Therapy, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Moderate pressure touch, Sensory, Sensory modulation disorder, Sleep behaviors, Social participation|
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