There has been much interest in colloidal noble metal nanoparticles due to their fascinating plasmonic and catalytic properties. These properties make noble metal nanoparticles potentially useful for applications such as targeted drug delivery agents and hydrogen storage devices. Historically, shape-controlled noble metal nanoparticles have been predominantly monometallic. Recent synthetic advances provide access to bimetallic noble metal nanoparticles wherein their inherent multifunctionality and ability to fine tune or expand their surface chemistry and light scattering properties of metal nanoparticles make them popular candidates for many applications. Even so, there are currently few synthetic strategies to rationally design shape-controlled bimetallic nanocrystals; for this reason, few architectures are accessible. For example, the "seed-mediated method" is a popular means of achieving monodisperse shape-controlled bimetallic nanocrystals. In this process, small metal seeds are used as platforms for additional metal addition, allowing for conformal core@shell nanostructures. However, this method has only been applied to single metal core/single metal shell structures; therefore, the surface compositions and architectures achievable are limited. This thesis expands upon the seed-mediated method by coupling it with co-reduction. In short, two metal precursors are simultaneously reduced to deposit metal onto pre-formed seeds in hopes that the interplay between two metal species facilitates bimetallic shell nanocrystals. Au/Pd was used as a test system due to favorable reduction potentials of metal precursors and good lattice match between Au and Pd. Alloyed shelled Au@Au/Pd nanocrystals were achieved using this "seed-mediated co-reduction" approach. Symmetric eight-branched Au/Pd nanocrystals (octopods) are also prepared using this method. This thesis investigates many synthetic parameters that determine the shape outcome in Au/Pd nanocrystals during seed-mediated co-reduction. Plasmonic, catalytic, and assembly properties are also investigated in relation to nanocrystal shape and architecture. This work provides a foundation for the rational design of architecturally defined bimetallic nanostructures.
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|Advisor:||Skrabalak, Sara E.|
|Commitee:||Douglas, Trevor, Flood, Amar H., Li, Liang-Shi|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 76/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Inorganic chemistry, Physical chemistry, Nanotechnology, Materials science|
|Keywords:||Anisotropy, Bimetallic nanocrystals, Branched nanostructures, Heteroepitaxial deposition, Kinetic control, Shape control|
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