In the United States, the history of racism and racial oppression is often unexamined within environmental and preservationist movements. Wilderness preservation and access to nature has been used as a method of reinforcing racial hierarchy and promoting and advancing White agendas. Environmental heroes like John Muir promoted racist viewpoints toward others through a vision of wilderness that was exclusive and inaccessible. National Parks and other wilderness areas displaced the original inhabitants of the land now are representative of nature as a place of exclusion. In order to have success with their environmental goals, White environmentalists need to recognize and account for the racism, imperialism, and nationalism, both intentional and unintentional, that has harmed their movement.
|Commitee:||McCartan, Laura, Schroeder, Lori, Vaughan, Margaret|
|School:||Metropolitan State University|
|Department:||College of Arts and Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- Minnesota|
|Source:||MAI 54/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||American history, Environmental Studies, Ethnic studies|
|Keywords:||African-American, Environmental history, Indigenous peoples, National parks, Whiteness, Wilderness|
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