An elusive solution has been found, to a serious problem that has plagued the criminal justice response to domestic violence for decades: The need for a validated method that will significantly raise unacceptably low rates of prosecution and conviction. Rates of domestic violence prosecution hover at about 30% for non-arrest cases. Using empirical data this study validated a best practices method (BPM) for DV investigation, by police. Rates of prosecution increase about 60% if photographs are obtained, 68% if more than one witness is listed in the report, 94% if an arrest is made, 87% if an emergency protective order (EPO) is obtained, and 284% if more than one charge is listed. Conviction increases about 78% for arrest, 102% for an EPO, and 142% for more than one charge. Survival analysis shows odds drop off rapidly for both outcomes if the report is not submitted to the prosecutor within 10 days. Rates of use of the BPM are used to determine Probability Scores (P Scores), so that routinely low effort (RLE) and routinely greater effort (RGE) officers can be separated and compared. Prosecutors reject RLE investigations 370% more often. The rate of decline of female DV recidivism, as a function of age, was measured to be about 2.56% per year between ages 22-61. For males it is about 3.13% per year from ages 28-60. This finding brings claims of re-education and treatment programs into question, if they have not controlled for the natural decline of recidivism potential as a function of age. This work demonstrates the manner in which a problem-solving criminology can be operationalized.
|Commitee:||Stanko, Betsy, Wilkes, Michael|
|School:||University of California, Davis|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 76/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public health, Criminology, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Best practices, Criminology, Domestic violence, Police investigation, Problem solving, Translational|
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