Previous studies find prenatal stress to relate to negative health in mothers and their children. Health behaviors such as exercise, proper nutrition, and relaxation have been found to reduce stress in non-pregnant populations, yet few studies have investigated the effect of these behaviors on prenatal stress. The current study examined the impact of exercise, nutrition, and relaxation on perceived stress, anxiety, and cortisol reactivity to a stress task in pregnant women. We hypothesized that women who exercised, had better eating habits, and engaged in relaxation would have reduced perceived stress, anxiety and more adaptive cortisol responses. Our results suggest an adaptive effect of exercise, and maladaptive effect of fat consumption on prenatal cortisol responses, but no association between health behaviors and perceived stress or anxiety. These findings contribute to our understanding of the relationship between health behaviors and stress during pregnancy, and may be useful for prenatal health interventions.
|Advisor:||Urizar, Guido G.|
|Commitee:||Amirkhan, James H., Yim, Ilona S.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 53/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Medicine, Behavioral psychology, Endocrinology, Physiological psychology|
|Keywords:||Cortisol response, Exercise, nutrition, and relaxation, Pregnancy and stress, Prenatal health behaviors|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be