RNA interference (RNAi) acts as an antiviral defense mechanism in fungi, plants, nematodes, insects, and mammals. In antiviral RNAi, virus-specific double-stranded RNA is processed into small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to guide specific viral RNA degradation by the RNAi machinery. Although antiviral RNAi is non cell-autonomous in plants, it is unknown if antiviral RNAi is also systemic in animals. In this dissertation, I characterized the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans mutants defective in systemic RNAi in their antiviral RNAi response induced by either the replication of a Flock house virus-derived replicon or the infection of Orsay virus. The results from these genetic studies provided evidence for the first time to support an antiviral function of systemic RNAi in animals. Comparison of the population of viral siRNAs by deep sequencing further revealed that C. elegans mutants with strong defects in systemic antiviral RNAi were all partially defective in the biogenesis of the viral secondary siRNAs. A possible role for the viral siRNAs in systemic antiviral RNAi is discussed.
|Commitee:||Maduro, Morris, Rao, A.L.N|
|School:||University of California, Riverside|
|Department:||Cell, Molecular and Developmental Biology|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 76/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Molecular biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry|
|Keywords:||Antiviral, Caenorhabditis elegans, RNAi, Virus|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be