Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Simulating Nucleic Acids from Nanoseconds to Microseconds
by Bascom, Gavin Dennis, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, 2014, 188; 3631078
Abstract (Summary)

Nucleic acids, despite being among the most important macromolecules involved in biological life, remain poorly understood in terms of atomistic resolution dynamics at biologically relevant timescales. Due to recent advances in computational power and high resolution structure elucidation we are able to investigate the dynamics of four important nucleic acid structures, namely 5'–CGAT6GGC–3', 5'– CGCGAT4GGC-3', 5' -GCATCGAT 2GGC– 3' (referred to as A6, A 4, and A2 DNA respectively) and the TAR HIV-1 RNA molecule on the nanosecond and microsecond timescales. The trajectories are numerically characterized by the NMR relaxation parameter S2 which provides an established measure of motion comparable to experiment, from nanosecond based ensembles in the case of A6, A4, and A2DNA, and microsecond based ensembles for A6DNA and TAR RNA. Specifically, this comparison suggests that while DNA exhibits saturated motions at the nanosecond-microsecond timescale, HIV-1 TAR RNA exhibits motions seemingly correlated across timescales suggesting it has not yet fully saturated motion at the microsecond timescale. Effects of internally correlated, temporally correlated, and diffusively continual motions for nucleic acids are discussed. Finally, the potential of mean force (PMF) of one such smooth transition, the A / B transition, is reported in the presence of a Single Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) for DNA of GC and AT rich sequences.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Andricioaei, Ioan
Commitee: Martens, Craig, Tobias, Douglas
School: University of California, Irvine
Department: Chemistry
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 75/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Mechanics, Molecular chemistry, Physical chemistry
Keywords: Carbon nanotubes, Microseconds, Molecular dynamics, Nanoseconds, Nucleic acids, Statistical mechanics
Publication Number: 3631078
ISBN: 9781321093605
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