Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Advancements in sustainable concrete practices and their potential impact on design and construction
by Villa, Jacqueline, M.S.Arch., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2012, 101; 1528241
Abstract (Summary)

Concrete is one of the most widely used construction materials in the world, and Portland Cement is the most commonly used cement in the industry. The manufacturing of materials is dependent on research and industry specification standards. This report focuses on current innovations in concrete developments, with a specific emphasis on Aluminosilicate or ‘geopolymer’ cements and their possible implications on the evolution of a sustainable architecture in the United States.

Aluminosilicate cements are currently being researched worldwide and have been implemented in various countries as a replacement for portland cement. It is one of many sustainable cement solutions, but unlike others, provides enhanced characteristics while remaining in the same price range as ordinary portland cement mixtures. This technology uses no limestone or water, thus eliminating the need for high amounts of energy use in the production of its initial ingredients.

Introducing new construction materials is challenging, especially to a well-established concrete industry such as that of the United States. Precast concrete offers an ideal medium for new concrete materials and their introduction into common practice due to the ability for tight controls. As more sustainable and durable materials are becoming available, construction processes can change and have the ability to affect the future evolution of architectural design. This report articulates these advancements and the importance of architectural involvement within the United States construction industry.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Brock, Tom
School: Illinois Institute of Technology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 53/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Civil engineering, Architecture
Keywords: Aluminosilicate, Concrete architecture, Geopolymer, History, Materials development, Sustainable
Publication Number: 1528241
ISBN: 978-1-321-19562-0
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