Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Environmental Justice in Urban Development Planning: A Geographic Analysis of Mobility and Accessibility in the Transportation Corridor
by Giammaria, Vincent, M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2014, 128; 1560364
Abstract (Summary)

Regional planning agencies often fail to incorporate community analysis into sustainable urban development schemes because former politically independent urban entities are now aggregated socially and economically into urban networks. The distribution of services and amenities throughout an urban network may be the influence of competing values of regional political units and/or the competitive force between globalized industry and land-use practices. Often Environmental Justice (EJ) communities are incompletely defined by political boundaries, zip code or census tract, or by socio-demographic commonalities like poverty or race. It is argued in this study that communities are unsustainable across a continuum of socio-economic factors and thus need a theoretical reference or statistical comparison to other populations to build a cumulative EJ case. Disparate communities are subject to hazards disproportionately to other communities and need to be defined with wider scope and scale. The suggested method, cumulative impact assessment, reduces some of the inadequacies of EJ policy and research by expanding the assessment methods. The project uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to take into account several additional factors not used by administrators such as economic potential via transportation mobility/accessibility, which may increase the depth and scope of EJ.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Guehlstorf, Nicholas
Commitee: Frey-Spurlock, Connie, Theising, Andrew
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Biological Sciences
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 53/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Social research, Environmental Studies, Environmental Justice, Transportation planning, Urban planning
Keywords: Accessibility, Environmental justice, GIS, Mobility, Policy, Transportation
Publication Number: 1560364
ISBN: 978-1-321-02759-4
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