Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Behavioral and P300 ERP measures of executive function in adolescents with high functioning autism and Asperger's Syndrome following structured on-line cognitive training
by Jones, Sharon J., Ph.D., University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 2014, 119; 3621681
Abstract (Summary)

Adolescents with high functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (also known as high-functioning autism and Asperger's Syndrome) comprise a growing population requiring continued support and intervention services in order to successfully navigate secondary and higher education settings as well as vocational settings. These individuals typically demonstrate average or above average IQ and academic ability; however, deficits stemming from executive dysfunction have a negative impact on the success of these individuals in many situations. Significant difficulties arise in situations requiring complex interactions of higher level cognitive skills (e.g., attention, language, memory, executive function, and visuo-spatial skills) in order to be successful in establishing and maintaining social, academic, and working relationships. Currently, cognitive training as an intervention tool targeting executive dysfunction in ASD is an under researched area. Recent research regarding neural plasticity, adolescent brain growth and new techniques for targeting executive dysfunction are encouraging. This study investigated the effects of an on-line cognitive training program on physiological measures of cognitive processing (event related potentials [ERP] and on parent perceptions of executive functions of adolescents with ASD. Preliminary findings support the use of cognitive training as a targeted intervention. Results from this study suggest that use of a cognitive training program can have a positive impact on physiological measures as well as perceptions by parents of behaviors supported by executive function of adolescents ASD.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gentry, Betholyn
Commitee: Atcherson, Samuel, McCullough, Kim, Moss-Logan, Susan, Robinson, Gregory, Sobel, Kenith
School: University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Department: Communication Sciences and Disorders
School Location: United States -- Arkansas
Source: DAI-B 75/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Cognitive psychology, Developmental biology, Health care management
Keywords: Adolescent, Autism spectrum disorder, Cognitive training, Event related potentials, Executive function
Publication Number: 3621681
ISBN: 9781303929595
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