Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Antibody Based Strategies For Multiplexed Diagnostics
by Navalkar, Krupa Arun, Ph.D., Arizona State University, 2014, 369; 3625036
Abstract (Summary)

Peptide microarrays are to proteomics as sequencing is to genomics. As microarrays become more content-rich, higher resolution proteomic studies will parallel deep sequencing of nucleic acids. Antigen-antibody interactions can be studied at a much higher resolution using microarrays than was possible only a decade ago. My dissertation focuses on testing the feasibility of using either the Immunosignature platform, based on non-natural peptide sequences, or a pathogen peptide microarray, which uses bioinformatically-selected peptides from pathogens for creating sensitive diagnostics. Both diagnostic applications use relatively little serum from infected individuals, but each approaches diagnosis of disease differently. The first project compares pathogen epitope peptide (life-space) and non-natural (random-space) peptide microarrays while using them for the early detection of Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever). The second project uses NIAID category A, B and C priority pathogen epitope peptides in a multiplexed microarray platform to assess the feasibility of using epitope peptides to simultaneously diagnose multiple exposures using a single assay. Cross-reactivity is a consistent feature of several antigen-antibody based immunodiagnostics. This work utilizes microarray optimization and bioinformatic approaches to distill the underlying disease specific antibody signature pattern. Circumventing inherent cross-reactivity observed in antibody binding to peptides was crucial to achieve the goal of this work to accurately distinguishing multiple exposures simultaneously.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Johnston, Stephen A., Stafford, Phillip
Commitee: Jacobs, Bertram, Sykes, Kathryn
School: Arizona State University
Department: Biological Design
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 75/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Medicine, Bioinformatics, Immunology
Keywords: Antibody, Diagnostic, Immunosignature, Infectious disease, Multiplexed, Peptide microarray
Publication Number: 3625036
ISBN: 978-1-303-99462-3
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