This study was designed to give insight into the social and cultural factors that are affecting adolescent patterns of sexual behavior and HIV knowledge in the coastal town of Esperanza, Ecuador. I collected data from preexisting surveys from over 4,000 high school students, participant observation from community health programs, and contextual interviews with adult members of the community. Major findings indicate that early sexual initiation and HIV misconceptions by Ecuadorian adolescents are related to sociocultural norms regarding sexuality and gender roles. I argue that sex education will not completely change adolescent sexual behavior, but it can provide youth the opportunity to ask questions, effectively debunk common misconceptions, and empower them to make better decisions in the future.
|Commitee:||Rae-Espinoza, Heather, Wilson, R. Scott|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 53/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||AIDS, Adolescents, Ecuador, Esperanza, HIV, Sexual behavior|
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