Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Discrimination Based on Marital Status, Gender, and Sexual Orientation: Implications for Employment Hiring Decisions
by Kufahl, Katie M., M.A., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2014, 94; 1558103
Abstract (Summary)

Marital status and sexual orientation discrimination has been largely under-researched and has not been researched using working professionals, or with the incorporation sexual orientation, marital status, and gender interactions. Past studies have found that marital status bias hiring decisions for men and women differently (Hammer, 1993; Jordan, College & Zitek, 2012; Renwick & Tosi,1978). Additionally, with the growing acceptance of gay (LGBT) relationships, marriages, and partnerships, the interaction of marital status (i.e., applicants with or without a spouse) and sexual orientation bias in the workplace needs to be examined. Our study examined the interview process testing for gender, marital status, and sexual orientation bias affecting simulations of hiring decisions. A significant three-way interaction was found such that single lesbian women received significantly higher ratings when compared to married lesbian women, and heterosexual women received significantly higher ratings when married in comparison to when they were single. The study revealed that sexual orientation interacted with marital status in women's ratings but not for men. This research updates current knowledge about discrimination in employment settings and provides updated information on a topic where the existing research has been largely outdated and under-researched.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Nadler, Joel
Commitee: Bartels, Lynn, Daus, Catherine
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 53/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Womens studies, GLBT Studies, Labor relations, Gender studies
Keywords: Gender interactions, Lesbian, Marital status, Sexual orientation discrimination, Worklife
Publication Number: 1558103
ISBN: 978-1-303-97040-5
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