Location awareness is imperative for a variety of sensing applications and network operations. Although a diversity of GPS-less and GPS-free solutions have been developed recently for autonomous localization in wireless sensor networks, they primarily target at 2D planar or 3D volumetric settings. There exists unique and fundamental hardness to extend them to 3D surfaces.
The contributions of this work are twofold. First, it proposes a theoretically-proven algorithm for the 3D surface localization problem. Seeing the challenges to localize general 3D surface networks and the solvability of the localization problem on single-value (SV) surface, this work proposes the cut-and-sew algorithm that takes a divide-and-conquer approach by partitioning a general 3D surface network into SV patches, which are localized individually and then merged into a unified coordinates system. The algorithm is optimized by discovering the minimum SV partition, an optimal partition that creates a minimum set of SV patches.
Second, it develops practically-viable solutions for real-world sensor network settings where the inputs are often noisy. The proposed algorithm is implemented and evaluated via simulations and experiments in an indoor testbed. The results demonstrate that the proposed cut-and-sew algorithm achieves perfect 100% localization rate and the desired robustness against measurement errors.
|Commitee:||Bayoumi, Magdy, Jin, Miao, Tzeng, Nian-Feng|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Autonomous localization, Single value surfaces, Wireless sensor networks|
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