This study examines Archaic Period high altitude mobility and resource use on the Dixie National Forest in order to develop an understanding of local Archaic site use and mobility routes. Archaic groups were highly mobile, broad-spectrum hunter-gatherers who used a wide variety of plant, animal, and natural resources. Exploiting a wide range of resources allowed Archaic groups to contend with environmental and seasonal variability. To understand Archaic sites in the study area, I analyzed site content and location using artifact analysis, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), and ArcGIS Nearest Neighbor and Cost Distance Analysis. I also include post- Archaic sites in my analysis to compare site uses between cultural groups. I found that Archaic groups used the study area primarily for lithic raw material procurement and tool manufacture. I also found evidence of hunting and butchering activities. Analysis of post-Archaic sites provided results indicating raw material procurement and lithic tool manufacture. GIS and site content analysis of Archaic site locations illustrates that groups likely traveled between sites using traditional and least cost paths. I demonstrate that Archaic groups repeatedly occupied traditional sites and mobility routes to access similar resources on a yearly basis. Archaic and post-Archaic groups accessed the study area for its lithic raw material, plant, and animal resources that would have been available when lower elevation resources became depleted.
|Advisor:||Thompson, Kerry F.|
|Commitee:||Jones, Kevin T., Kellner, Corina M., Smiley, Francis E., Thompson, Kerry F.|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||MAI 53/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Archaic, GIS, Mobility, Utah|
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