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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Compassionate encouragement discipline technique for teaching classical ballet and its impact on the self-esteem, self-perception, and spirituality of adolescent girls
by Graham-Williams, Angela Elaine, Ph.D., Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, 2013, 141; 3618754
Abstract (Summary)

The following study sought to explore transformative changes in self-esteem, self-perception of dance ability, and expressions of spirituality that may occur when adolescent girls not only participate in classical ballet classes, but also learn in a teaching model emphasizing compassion encouragement discipline technique. This study performed a pre and posttest using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the dance subscale of Vispoel's Arts Self-Perception Inventory (ASPI), and MacDonald's short version of the Expressions of Spirituality Inventory (ESI) on 27 adolescent girls ages 14 through 19 randomly divided into 2 even groups, comparison and experimental, who participated in a 5-week classical ballet course. Both groups were taught by the researcher. The comparison group was taught in a traditional dance instructor style paying most attention to the execution of the participants' steps and dance combination performance rather than any internal changes. The experimental group received the researcher-developed Compassion Encouragement Discipline Technique. Results of the pre and posttests of each of the inventories were compared and analyzed via an analysis of variance and discussed to explore the efficacy of this pedagogical style. Quantitative results indicated no statistical significance on standardized assessments measuring their self-esteem, arts (dance) self-perception, or expressions of spirituality. However, researcher observed differences in the comparison and experimental group were noted and discussed. Because transpersonal psychology allows for emotional transformation, this study contributes to furthering transpersonal literature by acknowledging the potential impact of student/teacher rapport in the compassion and empowerment-based teaching of classical ballet to adolescent girls.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Anderson, Rosemarie
Commitee: Devereaux, Christina, Shirazi, Bahman
School: Institute of Transpersonal Psychology
Department: Global Psychology with a concentration in Transpersonal Psychology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 75/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Womens studies, Clinical psychology, Spirituality
Keywords: Ballet, Psychology, Self-esteem, Self-perception, Spirituality, Transpersonal
Publication Number: 3618754
ISBN: 978-1-303-87248-8
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