Background: Each year, perinatal loss affects one million women and their families (National Vital Statistic Reports, 2011). Perinatal loss is the death of a fetus/infant during pregnancy or soon thereafter (Koppmans, Wilson, Cacciatore & Flenady, 2013). There are several different types of perinatal loss, including miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonatal death. Bereavement education related to miscarriage will be the main focus of this project. Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion, is the body's natural termination of a pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation (Geller, Psaros, & Kornfield, 2010).
Objective: The clinical problem to be addressed by this project is the lack of a system of evidence based bereavement education for women who experience miscarriage and subsequent treatment when they are admitted to the hospital through the Pre-Admission Unit (PAU)at WVU Healthcare. The project plan involves the development, implementation, and evaluation of an evidence based bereavement education system for women who are treated in the PAU prior to surgical intervention for a miscarriage. This intervention has been designed to address knowledge, skills, and attitudes of staff in the PAU related to providing bereavement support for women who experience a miscarriage.
Methods: A computerized literature search of CINAHL, PUBMED, National Guideline Clearinghouse, and the Cochrane Library data bases were performed using the key words miscarriage, spontaneous abortion, emotional experience, grief, education of providers, and bereavement education. Search limits were set which included the dates of 2002–2013, peer reviewed, full text, and English language. Selection criteria included the provision of grief interventions to women and their families who have suffered a perinatal loss and staff who cared for women who suffered a miscarriage. These searches produced 58 hits. After reviewing abstracts and article fourteen articles were chosen for the review. There were five systematic reviews, two randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies, six descriptive qualitative studies, and one non-experimental, correlational study.
Results: Strong evidence existed that grief education could assist healthcare providers to be able to provide evidence based interventions to women and families with a miscarriage. This project validated the literature by indicating that healthcare providers that were given bereavement education were much more comfortable presenting this education to women who suffered a miscarriage and required surgical intervention. The increase in knowledge of the healthcare providers was established with a pre-test, intervention of providing bereavement education, and a post-test. A t-test was used to compare means of the pre and post-tests and conclude that there was statistical significance in the mean scores of the pre and post-tests.
|Commitee:||Dower, Joshua, Fanning, Mary|
|School:||West Virginia University|
|Department:||School of Nursing|
|School Location:||United States -- West Virginia|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Medicine, Womens studies, Nursing|
|Keywords:||Bereavement education, Grief, Miscarriage, Spontaneous abortion|
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