Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Design and development of virtual reality simulation for teaching high-risk low-volume problem-prone office-based medical emergencies
by Lemheney, Alexander J., Ed.D., Pepperdine University, 2014, 367; 3615528
Abstract (Summary)

Physicians' offices are not the usual place where emergencies occur; thus how staff remains prepared and current regarding medical emergencies presents an ongoing challenge for private practitioners. The very nature of low-volume, high-risk, and problem-prone medical emergencies is that they occur with such infrequency it is difficult for staff to maintain competency and relevant knowledge and skills. Virtual reality (VR) has been proven an invaluable tool in the aviation, engineering, and military fields. Virtual worlds have been shown to be highly immersive and engaging. The ability to create sufficient detail to artifacts with which the physician and clinician will interact provides similar affordances as would their counterparts in reality. This close approximation through visual representations, spatial relationship that objects share with each other and with the avatar, and overall context created by the VR provide strong support for the transfer of learning from the VR to clinical setting. This study examined the development process for VR medical simulations that presented office-based emergencies, necessitated team interactions, and provided opportunities for participants to use countermeasures using a design-based research methodology. The VR environment provided a substantial overlap between the learning context, the participant's historical knowledge, and their performance at the point-of-care. Using a design-based research approach was very effective means of working with experimental design principles derived from literature and prototype projects. This research examined the optimal design needed to facilitate situation awareness, effective communications, and clinical decision-making in emergent situations and provides practical insights into the design of 3D virtual reality based medical simulations to create an optimal experience for learners.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Polin, Linda
Commitee: Bond, William, Deckers, Cathleen
School: Pepperdine University
Department: Education
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 75/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Industrial arts education, Multimedia Communications, Health education, Educational technology, Computer science
Keywords: Design based research, Instructional design, Medical simulation, Office based medical emergency, Virtual reality, Virtual world
Publication Number: 3615528
ISBN: 978-1-303-81548-5
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