The purpose of this thesis is to examine the relationship between retribution theology in the Deuteronomic History (Deut 2 Kgs) and in the corpus of early Jewish apocalyptic literature (including Enoch, 2 Baruch, and 4 Ezra) in order to challenge the often held assumption that the two types of retribution theology contain too many inconsistencies to coexist within the same worldview.
In the first chapter, retribution theology in the Deuteronomic History (DH) will be examined. This examination will include a definition of the content of the DH and a discussion of its context in the Ancient Near East. Furthermore, the key concepts pertaining to retribution theology in the DH will be discussed. These key concepts include covenants and treaties, cosmic order and divine rule, human responsibility, and the nature of divine retribution.
The second chapter will contain a discussion of retribution theology in early Jewish apocalyptic literature (EJAL). This discussion will begin with an investigation of the content and context of EJAL and move on to an analysis of the key terms pertaining to divine retribution including covenant, cosmic order and divine rule, and human responsibility.
In the final chapter, the findings of the first two chapters will be compared in order to determine that an accurate understanding of retribution theology in the DH reveals a complementary rather than contradictory relationship between retribution theology in the DH and in EJAL. It will become apparent that many authors of EJAL pick up and expand on elements of divine retribution already present in DH rather than attempting to correct the retribution theology present in the DH.
|School Location:||United States -- Virginia|
|Source:||MAI 52/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Biblical studies, Divinity, Theology|
|Keywords:||Apocalyptic Literature, Deuteronomic History, Deuteronomy, Divine Retribution, Retribution Theology, Second Temple Period|
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