Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Acculturation, Obesity Health Risks, and Obesity in Black African Immigrants: Resilience as a Protective Factor
by Vander Veen, Dana Frisillo, Ph.D., Northcentral University, 2014, 170; 3579862
Abstract (Summary)

Obesity and obesity-related health problems are a growing concern for many immigrants in the United States. Immigrants may engage in unhealthy assimilation by adopting the health behavioral patterns of the host country resulting in negative health outcomes such as obesity. The problem that was addressed is that the relationships between acculturation, resiliency, obesity health risks and obesity have not been fully examined in the body of research utilizing the Reserve Capacity Model specifically for Black African immigrants living in the United States. The literature that examines the linkages between acculturation, resilience, obesity health risks, and obesity outcomes among Black African immigrants is sparse. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study using a survey research design was to ascertain whether the predictor variable of acculturation showed a significant association with two criterion variables, obesity health risk symptoms and obesity; and whether resilience acted as a moderator between acculturation, obesity health risk symptoms, and obesity among Black African immigrants living in the United States. The participants of the study were 55 Black African immigrants residing in Washington, DC-Baltimore, Maryland area; Boston, Massachusetts, or Chicago, Illinois. Results of the study indicated that higher levels of acculturation were associated with fewer obesity health risks. Higher levels of resilience were associated with the fewest obesity health risks when the participant also had high acculturation levels. Resilience moderated between acculturation and obesity health risk symptoms. Additional results showed that neither acculturation nor resilience significantly predicted obesity. Furthermore, resilience did not moderate between acculturation and obesity. Recommendations for future research include other cultural factors, such as the individual's native country, that may be associated with obesity and health problems related to obesity.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Dippold, Lindsey
School: Northcentral University
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 75/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: African Studies, Health sciences, Psychology
Keywords: Acculturation, Health risks, Immigrants, Obesity, Public policy, Resilience
Publication Number: 3579862
ISBN: 978-1-303-82847-8
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