The goal of the present study was to examine the role of Prolonged Exposure (PE) and Present Centered (PCT) treatments on optimism and posttraumatic growth (PTG) treatment outcomes in individuals exposed to traumatic events. Using a pilot randomized control trial of 14 individuals receiving ten 90-minute therapy sessions and one follow-up visit, the study measured symptoms, PTG, and optimism at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and follow-up. Results indicate significant improvements in overall distress, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms for participants in the PE condition. There were no significant changes in PTG or optimism over the course of treatment in either condition, but individuals in the PE condition had significantly higher PTG scores at post-treatment than individuals in the PCT condition. These results suggest PE may improve PTG and symptoms other than PTSD such as overall distress.
|Commitee:||Powers, Kristin, Ratanasiripong, Paul|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 52/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Counseling Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Optimism, Postraumatic stress disorder, Posttraumatic growth, Present Centered therapy, Prolonged Exposure|
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