The relationship between Numidia and Rome during the Second and Third Punic Wars, 218 B.C.E-146 B.C.E., is not successfully represented in modern historiography. A reevaluation of the influence that this alliance had on the conflict is greatly needed. When studying the symbiotic connection that developed between Rome and Numidia, a neutral zone is exposed, within which both civilizations had the agency to achieve their desired goals. Following Massinissa's lead, the Numidians provided the Romans with invaluable assistance during the Second Punic War, aiding them on the battlefield and providing strategic foresight and knowledge of the African terrain. More importantly, it was directly due to Numidian politics that the Romans were allowed access back into Africa to start the Third Punic War, leading to the complete elimination of Rome's long time enemy, Carthage. In return for their valuable services, the Romans created the official boundaries of the Numidian kingdom, verifying Numidia's legitimacy and power in North Africa. It is clear that both powers in this alliance had something to gain and something to offer, thus, creating a mutually beneficial alliance that would last throughout the Imperial Period. This project focuses on the Roman-Numidian alliance that was created during the Second and Third Punic Wars, and evaluates the changes in identity that occurred as both civilizations strove to define themselves within their specific spheres of influence.
|Advisor:||Hood, David C.|
|Commitee:||Chew, Kathryn, Kelleher, Marie|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 52/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||African history, Ancient history|
|Keywords:||Jugurtha, Massinissa, Numidia, Numidian cavalry, Scipio Africanus, Syphax|
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