Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Supply Chain Management in the Humanitarian Context: Anatomy of effective relief and development chains
by Hall, Margeret, M.A., Webster University, 2011, 76; 1525062
Abstract (Summary)

The movement of supplies in a development or humanitarian relief context is one of the most overlooked areas in the aid distribution field. Cast as a crisis-driven, solution-based discipline, development practitioners and donor communities often neglect management and maintenance of the supply chain. As humanitarian disasters increase in scope and number, resources become scarcer and better management is a necessity. The need for efficiency and accountability in relief and development programs is clear as spending transparency grows more important as the world recovers from the latest global economic crisis.

Improving supply chain management is one way to achieve increasing efficiency and transparency. This project aims to isolate challenges in the aid distribution supply chain and extrapolate best practices from commercial supply chains for implementation across the broader humanitarian community. While the vulnerability of the beneficiary community causes all points of humanitarian logistics to be performed with an urgency often unfound in business models, examining the applicability of corporate supply chain management from the development practitioner's perspective will allow for optimization of the supply chain in humanitarian situations in the future.

A series of case studies were completed, looking at best practices of aid organizations involved in the management of humanitarian logistics. Each case study displays specific challenges of integrating business-oriented concepts into critical life and death functions and demonstrates the degree of which supply chain management has been implemented. These case studies show the value of public-private partnerships, the establishment of benchmarks in humanitarian logistics, and proposed Key Performance Indicators on further integration of these best practices throughout the aid and development community.

By carefully analyzing the evolution of supply chain management this research will be able to present examples of best practices to the aid distribution community. Investigating different actors involved in development and humanitarian aid will show the complexities and issues that are particular to the field in a way that has been under-addressed in aid distribution to this point. This research combines the two very different fields of corporate supply chains and development in order to create a set of recommendations for aid distribution organizations to implement.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Goodarzi, Jubin
School: Webster University
School Location: United States -- Missouri
Source: MAI 52/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: International law
Keywords: Development supply chain, Humanitarian logistics, Key performance indicators
Publication Number: 1525062
ISBN: 978-1-303-78819-2
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