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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Does religion buffer cheating?
by Martin, Amy, Ph.D., Northern Illinois University, 2013, 71; 3611371
Abstract (Summary)

Given the current amount of cheating in our society and more specifically in our schools, the focus of this dissertation was to examine the impact of religiosity on cheating behavior in an academic arena. Additionally social norms and the individual difference variable of self-monitoring were also investigated to determine their impact on cheating behavior. Furthermore, self-regulation was examined to determine if non-cheating high self-monitors deplete more self-regulatory resources than those non-cheating low self-monitors in a cheating situation.

Participants completed a religiosity and self-monitoring measure prior to coming into the laboratory. At a date of their choosing, participants completed the laboratory portion of the study. In the laboratory, participants were given a job-competency measure to complete, at which time they were given an opportunity to cheat. The participants completed the job-competency measure alone or in the presence of a confederate. Four different conditions were formed: a control condition, a cheating condition, a passive condition, and an active noncheating condition. It was also in the laboratory that their grip strength was measured.

Contrary to expectations, religiosity was not a significant predictor of cheating behavior. However, norms did impact cheating behavior; there was more cheating when the confederate cheated and less cheating when the confederate discouraged cheating behavior. Additionally, there was an impact of self-monitoring in response to the created norms, such that high self-monitors tended to follow the behaviors of the confederates more so than low self-monitors. Contrary to expectations, self-regulatory resources were not significantly impacted for noncheating high self-monitors in a confederate-induced cheating condition.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Sagarin, Brad J.
Commitee: Barber, Larissa, Durik, Amanda M., Finkelstein, Lisa M., Santuzzi, Alecia M., Valde, Kathleen
School: Northern Illinois University
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 75/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational psychology, Clinical psychology
Keywords: Academic cheating, Religion, Self-monitoring, Social norms
Publication Number: 3611371
ISBN: 978-1-303-72041-3
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