To determine the mechanical and optical response of diamond crystals at high stresses and to evaluate anisotropy effects, single crystals (Type IIa) were shock compressed along the , , and  orientations to ~120 GPa peak elastic stresses. Particle velocity histories and shock velocities, measured using laser interferometry, were used to examine nonlinear elasticity, refractive indices, and Hugoniot elastic limits of shocked diamond. Time-resolved Raman spectroscopy was used to measure the shock compression induced frequency shifts of the triply degenerate 1332.5 cm-1 Raman line.
Longitudinal stress-density states for elastic compression along different orientations were determined from the measured particle velocity histories and elastic shock wave velocities. The complete set of third-order elastic constants was determined from the stress-density states and published acoustic data. Several of these constants differed significantly from those calculated using theoretical models.
The refractive index of diamond shocked along  and  was determined from changes in the optical path length along the direction of uniaxial strain. Linear photoelasticity theory predicted the measured refractive index along . In contrast, the refractive index along  was nonlinear. The refractive indices for  compression were not determined, but the data showed evidence of birefringence.
The splitting and frequency shifts of the diamond Raman line were measured for shock compression along  and were in good agreement with predictions from prior shock work. Frequency shifts were also measured along  and  up to ~60 GPa, extending previous measurements. The anharmonic force constants determined from all shock compression measurements agree with the previous shock compression determinations.
Hugoniot elastic limits for diamond shock compressed along different orientations were determined from the measured wave profiles. The elastic limits for the three orientations were highest at ~90 GPa peak elastic stress, but decreased at the higher peak elastic stress. Shear strengths were determined from the measured elastic limits: shocked diamond was strongest for compression along  and weakest for compression along . The shear strength dependence on shock propagation direction was correlated with the stress magnitude normal to the slip plane, which appeared to inhibit the onset of inelastic deformation.
|Advisor:||Gupta, Yogendra M.|
|Commitee:||Marston, Philip L., McCluskey, Matthew D.|
|School:||Washington State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Washington|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Condensed matter physics, Optics|
|Keywords:||Diamond crystals, Elasticity, Raman spectroscopy, Refractive index, Shock waves, Strength|
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