A study was conducted to explore the factors that influence multicultural awareness. The researcher hypothesized that personal experience with oppression, witnessing an acquaintance experience oppression, and the emotion experienced during these instances during the last year would all be significant predictors of multicultural awareness. The researcher also explored the predictive value of these variables on multicultural knowledge. Counselor trainees’ (N=113) responded to an anonymous self-report questionnaire including the Multicultural Knowledge and Awareness Scale (MKAS) and an oppression and diversity scale. Two separate hierarchical multiple regressions were run. The results of the first regression indicated that highest educational degree attained was a significant predictor of multicultural awareness, but personal experience with oppression, witnessing an acquaintance experience oppression, and the emotion experienced during these instance were not significant. This finding suggests that multicultural awareness is a complex issue that needs more research done in order to understand what can be done to increase it. The second regression indicated that personal experience with diversity was a significant predictor of multicultural knowledge, but all other factors were found to be not significant. This finding is consistent with the literature, which suggests multicultural coursework and exposure is a significant predictor of multicultural knowledge.
|Advisor:||Brown, Danice L.|
|Commitee:||Pomerantz, Andrew, Segrist, Dan|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 52/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Multicultural Education, Counseling Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Discrimination, Diversity, Experience, Multicultural awareness, Multicultural competence, Oppression|
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