This study investigated the effects of the Trauma, Recovery, and Empowerment Model (TREM) on the female offender population in a community setting. The TREM intervention is a 33-topic model that focuses on trauma specific to women through psycho-education and cognitive-behavioral methods. This quasi-experimental study with an intervention and treatment-as-usual (TAU) group used the Brief Symptom Inventory-18, Modified Posttraumatic Symptom Scale, Addiction Severity Index, the Daily Living/Role Functioning and Relation to Self and Others Subscales (BASIS 32), and Trauma, Recovery and Empowerment Profile (TREP) to determine whether the group receiving the TREM intervention had reduced PTSD symptoms, general mental health symptoms, substance use, increased social role functioning and increased relation to self and others, as well as increased trauma-related coping skills. T-tests, correlations, and effect sizes were used to assess outcomes from baseline to post-intervention or 3-month follow up within the intervention group, and between the intervention and TAU group. Results of the t-tests ns between variables of interest failed to reach statistical significance, however significant correlations and non-significant medium to large effect sizes were found on the BASIS-32 Subscales and Modified Posttraumatic Symptom Scale, small to medium effects were found on the Global Severity Index (BSI-18), with small to no effect for the Trauma, Recovery and Empowerment Profile, and the Addiction Severity Index Drug and Alcohol Composite scores. Qualitative analysis also revealed support for the model by participants. These results somewhat support the current research in showing effectiveness for the TREM intervention with females, however more research and investigation into the TREM intervention is warranted.
|Commitee:||Marotta-Walters, Sylvia, Peterson, Rolf, Poppen, Paul, Weiss, Brandi|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|Department:||Education and Human Development|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Counseling Psychology|
|Keywords:||Female offenders, Substance use, Trauma recovery, Treatment programs|
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