This study tested the effects of hypnosis for injection anxiety, medication side-effects from injectable medications, and general pain with patients who have MS. This seven- to nine-week hypnotic protocol was implemented based on the Palsson hypnosis protocol for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (2006).
The subjects were randomly assigned to receive in-person hypnosis in addition to listening to a self-hypnosis CD at home five days per week (N=13), or to a standard care group where they received no additional intervention for seven to nine weeks (N=14). The standard care group could listen to a self-hypnosis CD at home five days per week with no in-person treatment.
An additional goal of this randomized control trial was to teach patients to practice self-hypnosis to improve disease self-management and self-efficacy.
Paired t-tests were conducted from baseline to Time 3 in both groups to assess the significance of changes in the mean scores over time. The experimental group did not yield statistically significant results over time from baseline to Time 3 in medication side-effects or pain. However, the results did indicate a marginally significant (p=.09) decrease in injection anxiety. In addition, the experimental group showed statistically significant improvement in self-efficacy over time (p=.025), compared with the control group. The latter did not demonstrate any changes in self-efficacy. As expected, the control group did not show any statistically significant changes in their scores from baseline to Time 3 in injection anxiety, medication side-effects, or pain.
|Commitee:||Shibusawa, Tazuko, Tuchman, Ellen|
|School:||New York University|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 75/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Alternative Medicine|
|Keywords:||Hypnosis, Injection anxiety, Intervention research, Multiple sclerosis, Pain management, Randomized clinical trial|
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