The purpose of this study was to identify what leadership behaviors are associated with each of Spillane's (2006) three conceptually distinct forms of distributed leadership, and to determine whether specific influence tactics (Yukl, Seifert & Chavez, 2008) are differentially associated with each form. A two-phased, mixed methods design was employed. The sampling frame for both phases included student affairs professionals in colleges and universities in New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, which were primarily four-year, undergraduate, co-educational, residential institutions. In Phase I, focus groups identified behaviors exhibited by student affairs professionals working together to accomplish a task. The identified behaviors were crafted into leadership behavior statements. These statements were triangulated with Spillane's forms of distribution: The co-investigator associated the statements with Spillane's conceptual definitions; while concurrently, a survey of these statements was sent to distributed leadership experts asking them to rate the expected likelihood of the behaviors being demonstrated in each of Spillane's forms of distributed leadership. Subsequently, in Phase II, student affairs professionals were surveyed regarding leadership behaviors and influence behaviors. Both cluster and factor analytic techniques were employed to associate influence behaviors with Spillane's forms of leadership distribution. Factor analysis of the leadership behaviors were interpreted in light of the co-investigator's cluster analysis of the same data. Spillane's distinct forms of distributed leadership were not affirmed by this study. When practicing distributed leadership – the idea that multiple participants co-create a leadership experience – a universal, differentiated view may be overly simplistic.
|Advisor:||Latta, Gail F.|
|Commitee:||Barker, David B., Ripley, Brian|
|Department:||Organizational Learning and Leadership|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-A 75/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Higher Education Administration, Educational leadership, Organization Theory|
|Keywords:||Distributed leadership, Higher education, Influence tactics, Leadership, Spillane, James P., Student affairs, Work groups|
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