Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The effects of live music as the discriminative stimulus and reinforcer on the skill acquisition of learners with neurodevelopmental disorders
by Harms, Melanie D., Ph.D., University of Kansas, 2013, 35; 3606950
Abstract (Summary)

Individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders are challenged with memory and language deficits that impact their skills acquisition (Martin, Klusek, Estigarriba, & Roberts, 2009; Turner & Alborz, 2003). The value of music when applied as an antecedent and a reinforcer has long been established to address such memory and language deficits (Brownell, 2002; Kern & Aldridge, 2006; Kouri & Winn, 2006; Lim & Draper, 2011; Register, Darrow, Standley, & Swedberg, 2007; Schwartzberg & Silverman, 2012, 2013; Sena-Moore, Peterson, O'Shea, McIntosh, & Thaut, 2008; Simpson & Keen, 2010; Thaut, Peterson, Sena-Moore, & McIntosh, 2008). Related to this literature, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of live music when applied as the discriminative stimulus and reinforcer on the skills acquisition of learners with neurodevelopmental disorders. Effects were compared across four conditions: (a) verbal delivery of both a discriminative stimulus and reinforcer (SDV:RV), (b) verbal delivery of a discriminative stimulus and live music delivery of a reinforcer (SDV:RM), (c) live music delivery of a discriminative stimulus and verbal delivery of a reinforcer (S DM:RV), and (d) live music delivery of both a discriminative stimulus and reinforcer (SDM:R M). The initial question investigated whether there were any differences between means across the four conditions. The results of a two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance determined the four conditions did indeed vary from one another as evidenced by the large effect size for condition and time. A one-way repeated measures analysis of variance was conducted to determine if differences across conditions were present. These results indicated that all four conditions yielded improved outcomes across time or sessions. Upon comparison of pairs of conditions, the most effective conditions was deemed the combined form of live music as both the discriminative stimulus/ antecedent and the reinforcer/feedback (SDM:RM). The verbal SD and live music R (SDV:RM) condition was next best, followed by live music SD and verbal R (SDM:RV) and verbal S D and verbal R (SDV:RV). Further research that isolates the music variables is recommended.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Simpson, Rich
Commitee: Cheatham, Greg, Frey, Bruce, Griswold, Deb, Knowlton, Earle
School: University of Kansas
Department: Special Education
School Location: United States -- Kansas
Source: DAI-A 75/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Music, Special education
Keywords: Aba, Music therapy, Neurodevelopmental disorders, Reinforcer, Skill acquistion, Stimulus
Publication Number: 3606950
ISBN: 978-1-303-64298-2
Copyright © 2019 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Cookie Policy
ProQuest