Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Impact of Family Violence on Conflict Resolution Styles in Subsequent Adult Relationships
by Edgar, Elisabeth, Ph.D., Alliant International University, 2013, 90; 3605524
Abstract (Summary)

We know that development is greatly influenced by early parenting experiences (Gauthier, 2003; Koestner, Franz, & Weinberger, 1990). Sibling violence has been shown to have long lasting effects into adulthood, including a range of mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, low self-worth, and aggression (Graham-Bermann, Cutler, Litzenberger, & Schwartz, 1994). What is less known is the combined impact of sibling violence and parental physical aggression on subsequent adult intimate partner relationships. A study was conducted with 93 participants to examine the relationship of sibling violence while controlling for the experience of parental physical aggression in childhood on conflict resolution styles experienced in adulthood. Four hierarchical regressions were conducted to determine the relative influence of parental and sibling violence as well as the severity of each type of violence on four conflict resolution styles. Participants were recruited from the internet and completed the Conflict Resolution Style Inventory (CRSI) (Kurdek, 1994) measuring current conflict resolution styles, the Conflict Tactics Scale 2 (CTS2) measuring sibling violence, and the Conflict Tactics Scales: Parent/Child Version (CTSPC) (Straus, Hamby, & Warren, 2003) measuring parental use of physical aggression. It was found that familial violence was related to three of the conflict resolution styles: Conflict Engagement, Withdrawal, and Compliance. Social learning theory could account for these findings, as what we learn in the family environment we tend to later emulate in other relationships.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Porter, Natalie
Commitee: Milnes, Elizabeth, Samuelson, Kristin
School: Alliant International University
Department: San Francisco, CSPP
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 75/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Psychology, Clinical psychology
Keywords: Family violence, Parents, Romantic partners, Siblings, Violence
Publication Number: 3605524
ISBN: 978-1-303-62014-0
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