Objective: This study sought to understand predictors of gambling habits including influences of demographic and personality factors on the degree of gambling. Method: There were 115 participants in the study of which 70 were pathological gamblers and 45 were nongaming controls. Each participant completed a Chinese version of (a) South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), (b) Zuckerman- Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ), and (c) a demographic questionnaire. Results: Gambling was associated with gender (more men than women) and the amount of money lost in betting activities was higher among younger participants and those with greater incomes. In terms of personality factors relating to financial losses due to gambling, elevations on neuroticism-anxiety scale was found to be significant predictor variables adding the explained variance over and above age and personal income factors. High impulsivity was found to distinguish gamblers from control participants. Additionally, both low sociability and high impulsivity were factors predicting higher gambling expenses in the overall sample. Finally, significantly higher scores on the Zuckerman Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) Infrequency score than has been reported among European samples were noted. This finding has important implications regarding the use psychological assessment instruments with western norms in Asian population. Conclusion: Certain demographic and personality factors were found to be predictive of gambling in a Chinese sample. Cross-cultural sensitivity is important for research using instruments with western norm in Chinese culture.
|Advisor:||Tori, Christopher D.|
|Commitee:||Chen, Ronald Y. L.|
|School:||Alliant International University|
|Department:||Hong Kong, CSPP|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Asian Studies, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Gambler, Gambling, Hong Kong, Pathological gambling, Personality|
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