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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Spatial Distribution of Nitrogen Oxides, Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylenes in Hillsborough County, Florida: An Investigation of Impacts of Urban Forests on Ambient Concentrations of Air Pollutants Associated with Traffic
by Sears, Jill R., M.S.P.H., University of South Florida, 2013, 86; 1548512
Abstract (Summary)

Urban air pollution is responsible for high levels of morbidity and mortality in exposed populations due to its effects on cardiovascular and respiratory function. Transportation-related air pollutants account for the majority of harmful air pollution in urban areas. Forests are known to reduce air pollution through their ability to facilitate dry deposition and atmospheric gas exchange. This work characterizes the interactions between transportation air pollutants and urban forests in Hillsborough County, Florida. A highly spatially resolved passive air sampling campaign was conducted to characterize local concentrations of nitrogen oxides, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in Hillsborough County, Florida. Sampling locations included a proportion of densely forested urban areas in order to determine the effects of Hillsborough County's urban forest resources on localized concentrations of selected transportation pollutants. Recommended approaches for the use of urban forests as an effective air pollution mitigation technique in Hillsborough County were generated based on results from the sampling campaign. Results show mean concentrations of 2.1 parts per billion and 6.5 µg/m3 for nitrogen oxides and total BTEX, respectively. High spatial variability in pollutant concentrations across Hillsborough County was observed, with the coefficient of variation found to be 0.61 for nitrogen oxides and 0.79 for total BTEX. Higher concentrations were observed along interstate highways, in urban areas of the county, and near select point sources in rural areas. Differences in concentrations within forested areas were observed, but were not statistically significant at the 95% confidence level. These results can be used to identify elements of urban design which contribute to differences in concentrations and exposures. This information can be used to create more sustainable urban designs which promote health and equity of the population.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Stuart, Amy L.
Commitee: Jaward, Foday M., Mason, Thomas J.
School: University of South Florida
Department: Public Health
School Location: United States -- Florida
Source: MAI 52/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Environmental Health, Urban planning
Keywords: Air monitoring, Biogenic emissions, Passive sampling, Urban design, Urban form
Publication Number: 1548512
ISBN: 978-1-303-57434-4
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