This research offers a refined conceptualization of multicultural experience. This multidimensional conceptualization distinguishes between relatively superficial and more substantial multicultural experiences, labeled multicultural exposures and multicultural interactions, which can be measured based on frequency, duration, and breadth. This construct and the corresponding instrument, Multicultural Experience Assessment (MExA), were validated in five studies. In Studies 1a and 1b, content validity was established. In Studies 2 and 3, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the two-factor structure of multicultural experience. Study 4 provided some evidence for the convergent, discriminant, and criterion-related validities. The reliability of the 13-item MExA ranged between .76 and .83; and the use of both student and non-student national samples established some generalizability of the instrument. Overall results improve our understanding of the construct and offer a psychometrically tested measure.
|Advisor:||Kern, Mary C.|
|Commitee:||Dilchert, Stephan, Sommer, Kristin, Vredenburgh, Donald|
|School:||City University of New York|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 75/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Management, Ethnic studies, Demography|
|Keywords:||Construct validation, Cultural experience, Multicultural experience, Scale development|
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