Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Intellectual and developmental disabilities nursing: An educational intervention in the District of Columbia
by Johnston, Kimberly S., D.N.P., Capella University, 2013, 89; 3601880
Abstract (Summary)

Monitoring bodies in the District of Columbia articulated that people diagnosed with an intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) who reside in community-based group home settings are vulnerable to safety issues, poor quality of care from registered nursing services, and poor oversight. Those monitors have identified the lack of knowledge of roles and responsibilities among registered nurses (RNs) in these settings as a significant risk factor. The District of Columbia Developmental Disabilities Administration (DDA) has no formal orientation or training for RNs that encompasses the multifaceted needs of people diagnosed with IDD. This capstone project aimed to identify the effectiveness of an educational intervention and the effect of continuing education on RNs' perception of their practice in the field of IDD. After review of current literature, an educational presentation addressing all facets of entry-level registered nursing was developed. The presentation focused on the fundamentals of IDD nursing. A group of RNs working in the District of Columbia IDD community participated in an all-day educational program and completed a pre- and posttest evaluation to measure their knowledge prior to the intervention and their knowledge gain immediately after the intervention. A standard five-point Likert scale survey was delivered on the third and sixth months after educational intervention (EI). The survey asked the participants to rate the impact of the EI at three and six months post intervention to measure their perceived confidence level and actual practice changes. Eighty-seven percent of the RNs that participated in the EI and responded to the questionnaire reported that their role as an IDD nurse had changed because of participating in this training, and 93.8% reported that they would recommend this training to other RNs entering or working in this subspecialty.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Schriener, Barbara
Commitee: Carlyle, Kathleen, Davidson, Christy P.
School: Capella University
Department: Nursing
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-A 75/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing, Developmental psychology, Health education
Keywords: Developmental disabilities, Intellectual disabilities, Nursing
Publication Number: 3601880
ISBN: 978-1-303-53601-4
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