Negative affect can be a highly potent trigger for relapse among those in recovery for alcoholism, whereas self-efficacy has been identified as an important factor for relapse prevention. Much research has attempted to identify factors and interventions that can enhance self-efficacy and improve the coping ability of those in recovery to manage negative affect. This study sought to determine whether dispositional mindfulness might be a useful tool in this regard, by investigating for a possible relationship between this variable and self-efficacy towards coping with negative affect. Additional variables (i.e., length of time abstinent, meditation frequency/duration, history of polysubstance abuse/dependence, and history of psychiatric co-morbidity) were also examined for possible relationships with these two constructs. Adult participants (N = 104) with a history of alcohol abuse/dependence were recruited via online support groups and websites that adhere to the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), to take an anonymous online survey consisting of: a demographic questionnaire, the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R), and the Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy Scale (AASE). Chi-square analyses, and independent samples t tests and one-way ANOVAs, were conducted to provide information regarding possible meaningful relationships between variables and differences between groups within variables. Results of this study lend some support for the assertion that those with higher levels of dispositional mindfulness may also have greater self-efficacy towards successfully managing negative affect. Findings also reveal some evidence for a positive relationship between length of time abstinent, and both mindfulness and self-efficacy. Caution should be taken, however, when drawing conclusions from these findings due to the disproportionate number of participants who reported doing extremely well in their recovery and having high confidence in their ability to abstain from alcohol use. Limitations of the study are discussed.
|Commitee:||Mitchell, Cary, Rush, Bruce|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Addiction, Alcoholism, Mindfulness, Negative affect, Relapse prevention, Self-efficacy|
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