The study of hatred is a historical one that has generated multiple explanations theorizing the nature and origin of this construct. Current theories suggest hate is a critical factor in the manifestations of the world's atrocities, such as terrorism, massacres, and genocide, however no single universal definition of the construct exists. Additionally, there is a paucity of research specific to the construct of hate or documentation of the specific factors that contribute to its development. This research explores the experience of hate using a phenomenological method of inquiry so that a deeper understanding of the "lived experience" of hate can be achieved. Individuals who self-identify as experiencing hate from the perspective of the hater, offer descriptions of the intrapersonal processes, specifically the underlying emotions, cognitions, and physiological responses, that occur when they are or have been in the throes of hatred. Participants identify hate as an emotion, one unlike any they had ever experienced before and one that is a combination of several emotions. Although hate is defined as an emotion, participants identify cognitive and physical changes that accompanied their experience of hate, implying that hate is more than just emotion, though often described as such by laypersons. Factors that led participants to name their experience as hate versus some other experience, along with the critical components of hate are described. These descriptions distinguish hate from anger, dislike and aversion. Positive aspects of hate, as well reflections for transforming hate are also included. Limitations of the study and recommendations for future research are discussed.
|Commitee:||Aronson Fontes, Lisa, Kriese, Paul|
|School:||Union Institute and University|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-B 75/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Cognitive psychology|
|Keywords:||Cognition, Emotions, Hate, Interpersonal processes|
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