The national trend to help people with developmental and intellectual disabilities enjoy full and enriching lives in their own communities begins with the vision of full community integration. Identifying and studying the leadership of agencies providing residential services with the vision of full community integration was the center of this study. This study measured the leadership practices in agencies serving people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. A random sampling was used to contact leaders of residential agencies throughout the United States. The United States was divided into five regions, and a total of 375 agencies were contacted. Participants surveyed were Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and employees of agencies providing residential services to persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Of the 375 agencies contacted, 40 agencies provided usable surveys for analysis. Kouzes and Posner's Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) was used to measure the perceptions of both leaders and followers as to their views of the leaders' practices in five aspects: model the way, inspire a shared vision, enable others to act, challenge the process, and encourage the heart. The LPI measures transformational leadership and has a long history of use. Through the use of a 10-point scale, the LPI results were analyzed using the Pearson's r for statistical analysis. Statistical t testing was used to compare the means of the leaders and observers scores to each other as well as to Kouzes and Posner's cumulative data. The use of t testing indicated the observers scored the leaders significantly higher than the leaders scored themselves or Kouzes and Posner's observers in all five practices. The use of the Pearson r did not find a correlation between the leaders' responses of this study and the followers' responses of this study.
|Advisor:||Drury, Sharon L.|
|Commitee:||Daugherty, Doug, Harper, Robert|
|School:||Indiana Wesleyan University|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Management, Health care management|
|Keywords:||Followership, Leadership Practices Inventory, Rehabilitation services, Residental services for the developmentally handicapped, Special needs, Transformational leadership|
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