Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Optical super-resolution and periodical focusing effects by dielectric microspheres
by Darafsheh, Arash, Ph.D., The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2013, 248; 3589796
Abstract (Summary)

Optical microscopy is one of the oldest and most important imaging techniques; however, its far-field resolution is diffraction-limited. In this dissertation, we proposed and developed a novel method of optical microscopy with super-resolution by using high-index dielectric microspheres immersed in liquid and placed on the surface of the structures under study. We used barium titanate glass microspheres with diameters of D~2-220 μm and refractive indices n∼1.9-2.1 to discern minimal feature sizes ∼λ/4 (down to ∼λ/7) of various photonic and plasmonic nanostructures, where λ is the illumination wavelength. We studied the magnification, field of view, and resolving power, in detail, as a function of sphere sizes.

We studied optical coupling, transport, focusing, and polarization properties of linear arrays of dielectric spheres. We showed that in arrays of spheres with refractive index [special characters omitted], a special type of rays with transverse magnetic (TM) polarization incident on the spheres under the Brewster's angle form periodically focused modes with radial polarization and 2D period, where D is the diameter of the spheres. We showed that the formation of periodically focused modes in arrays of dielectric spheres gives a physical explanation for beam focusing and extraordinarily small attenuation of light in such chains. We showed that the light propagation in such arrays is strongly polarization-dependent, indicating that such arrays can be used as filters of beams with radial polarization. The effect of forming progressively smaller focused beams was experimentally observed in chains of sapphire spheres in agreement with the theory.

We studied optical coupling,transport, focusing, and polarization properties of linear arrays of dielectric spheres. We showed that in arrays of spheres with refractive index n=ã3, a special type of rays with transverse magnetic (TM) polarization incident on the spheres under the Brewster's angle form periodically focused modes with radial polarization and 2D period, where D is the diameter of the spheres. We showed that the formation of periodically focused modes in arrays of dielectric spheres gives a physical explanation for beam focusing and extraordinarily small attenuation of light in such chains. We showed that the light propagation in such arrays is strongly polarization-dependent, indicating that such arrays can be used as filters of beams with radial polarization. The effect of forming progressively smaller focused beams was experimentally observed in chains of sapphire spheres in agreement with the theory.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Astratov, Vasily N.
Commitee: Davies, Angela D., Evans, Christopher J., Fiddy, Michael A., Gbur, Gregory J.
School: The University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Department: Optical Science and Engineering
School Location: United States -- North Carolina
Source: DAI-B 74/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Biomedical engineering, Physics, Optics
Keywords: Optical nanoscopy, Optical super-resolution, Periodically focused mode, Radial polarization, Sub-diffraction imaging, Ultraprecise laser surgery
Publication Number: 3589796
ISBN: 9781303288692
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