Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Vision health disparity and reasons for no access to vision care among United States adults aged 40 and above: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 2007- 5 states
by Akano, Obinna Ferdinand, M.P.H., Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 2013, 46; 1537270
Abstract (Summary)

Purpose: To examine if disparities exist among US adults aged 40 and above that reported reasons for no access to eye care.

Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted on 14,129 US adults aged 40 and above who responded to the Vision Module of the 2007 BRFSS using cross-tabulations, logistic regression and chi square statistics.

Results: Respondents reporting cost/insurance as the main reason for not accessing an eye doctor was greater among adults with education level < HS than with > HS (p<0.001). The percentage who reported cost/insurance as the main reason was greater among adults with income < $25,000 than with >$50,000 (p<0.001). Similarly, a greater percentage of Black adults reported cost/insurance as the reason for not accessing an eye doctor compared to White adults.

Conclusion: Given that Cost/Insurance was the most frequently cited reason, making eye health/health insurance available to most or all Americans will go a long way in narrowing the gap in vision health disparities.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Butts, Gary C., Foley, Mary E.
Commitee:
School: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Department: Public Health
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 51/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Ophthalmology, Public health
Keywords:
Publication Number: 1537270
ISBN: 978-1-303-07923-8
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