Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Growing Up Healthy: Generational trends in obesity, physical activity, and diet of New York City immigrant children
by Saenger, Pamela M., M.P.H., Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 2013, 43; 1537369
Abstract (Summary)

Background:Studies suggest first generation status is protective regarding obesity/diet, but not physical activity. We sought to determine whether generational status of Hispanic and Black NYC children correlates with obesity, physical activity, and diet. Methods: Children ages 6-8 who could be classified as first/second/third generation from the Growing Up Healthy study (n=456) were included. BMI was calculated using age- and gender-specific CDC norms. Mean steps were recorded with pedometers. Physical/sedentary activity and frequency of fast food/restaurant meals were assessed via survey. T-tests, Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were performed. Findings: While screen and sedentary time were highest in third generation children (p=0.03, p=0.00), they reported more MET-hours and unscheduled physical activity (p=0.04, p=0.01). Fast food consumption increased with generation among Hispanics (n=267, p=0.01). Conclusions: Sedentary behavior and fast food consumption were highest among third generation children. Ethnic-specific trends in physical activity and diet reinforce the need for additional research.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Galvez, Maida P.
Commitee:
School: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Department: Public Health
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 51/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Public health
Keywords: Immigration, Obesity
Publication Number: 1537369
ISBN: 9781303082436
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