Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The use of differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) to reduce scripting in a child with autism
by Kim, Hanna Y., M.S.Psy., Kaplan University, 2012, 26; 1539953
Abstract (Summary)

This case study evaluated the effects of differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) on scripting in a four year-old child with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Celiac Disease. The overall goal was to show that DRO as the only independent variable could reduce scripting in a child with autism. A vibrator was set to vibrate every six minutes to indicate the end of each interval during intervention and the behavior was measured using a partial-interval time sampling method during the two hour in-home private Applied Behavior Analysis session over a two month period. An A-BC-C design demonstrated that DRO successfully decreased scripting behavior in the child with autism. A dependent paired samples t-test was used to compare the rates of scripting during the first three days of baseline and last three days of intervention. Results demonstrated a 29% decrease in scripting behavior. This result extends previous research that showed DRO, within a combined intervention, could be effective in decreasing scripting of adolescents with autism.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Cumella, Edward J.
Commitee: Chung, Natasha, Tischner, Jessica
School: Kaplan University
Department: School of Arts and Sciences
School Location: United States -- North Carolina
Source: MAI 52/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Speech therapy
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Delayed echolalia, Differential reinforcement of other behavior, Pivotal response training, Scripting, Treatment and education of autistic and related communication handicapped children (teacch)
Publication Number: 1539953
ISBN: 9781303164514
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