The power conversion efficiency of organic thin film solar cells must be improved before they can become commercially competitive alternatives to silicon-based photovoltaics. Exciton diffusion and charge carrier migration in organic films are strongly influenced by film morphology, which can be controlled by the substrate temperature during film growth. Zinc-phthalocyaninelbuckminsterfullerene bilayer film devices are fabricated with substrate temperatures between 25°C and 224°C and their solar cell performance is investigated here. The device open-circuit voltage, efficiency, and fill factor all exhibit peaks when films are grown at temperatures between 160°C and 180°C, which is likely a result of both the increase in shunt resistance and reduction in undesirable back diode effects which occur between l00°C and 180°C. The device performance can also be attributed to changes in the film crystallite size, roughness, and abundance of pinholes, as well as the occurrence of crystalline phase transitions which occur in both zinc-phthalocyanine and buckminsterfullerene between 150°C and 200°C. The unusually high open-circuit voltage (1.2 V), low short-circuit current density (0.03 mA/cm2), and low device efficiency (0.04%) reported here are reminiscent of single layer phthalocyanine-based Schottky solar cells, which suggests that pinholes in bilayer film devices can effectively lead to the formation of Schottky diodes.
|Commitee:||Bill, Andreas, Gu, Jiyeong|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 52/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Electrical engineering, Physics, Materials science|
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