Chiral 1-arylprop-2-en-1-ols and 1-arylprop-2-yn-1-ols are useful building blocks for modern pharmaceuticals. Previous work has found that enzyme catalysis is a potential new enantioselective synthetic route to the former. We found that Candida antarctica lipase is also an effective catalyst for kinetic resolution of various substituted 1 arylpropargylic acetates and haloacetates, affording the respective (R) -1 arylproargylic alcohols with high enantioselectivity (99-100% ee). By varying the substituents on both sides of the ester bond, we discovered that the deacylation of lipase is likely the rate-determining step for our catalytic system. A greater challenge is designing a dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) system for such substrates, which combines a resolving catalyst (lipase) with a racemizing catalyst, and can potentially lead to quantitative conversion of a racemic substrate into an enantiopure product. We studied the efficacy of various transition-metal complexes for substrate racemization and will report our results for In and Cu compounds.
While kinetic resolution has been performed on the 1-arylallylic acetates with excellent yield and enantioselectivity and the DKR regime has been designed, the resulting site-isolation system has required further testing and fine tuning. We have herein investigated the utilization of macroscale site-isolation as well as various factors including solvent, and acyl donor effects in order to optimize conditions of the system.
|Advisor:||Kadnikova, Ekaterina N.|
|Commitee:||Buszek, Keith R., Dias, Jerry R.|
|School:||University of Missouri - Kansas City|
|School Location:||United States -- Missouri|
|Source:||MAI 51/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Enantioselective, Enzymatic catalysis, Kinetic resolution, Lipase, Site-isolation|
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