Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A concise history of the use of the rammed earth building technique including information on methods of preservation, repair, and maintenance
by Gramlich, Ashley Nicolle, M.S., University of Oregon, 2013, 203; 1538563
Abstract (Summary)

Pisé de terre or rammed earth is a building technique that has existed for over ten thousand years. Although this technique was first documented for Western Civilization by the Roman Pliny the Elder circa 79 AD, evidence of its use prior to his time is found in China, Europe, and elsewhere. Rammed earth achieved notoriety in the United States during three distinct periods in its history: the Jeffersonian era, the Great Depression, and the Back-to-Nature Movement of the 1970s. In the United States earth buildings are uncommon and usually deemed marginal or fringe. This is true even though at times the U.S. government has been a proponent of alternative building techniques, especially rammed earth. Intended for those interested in material culture, this thesis provides a brief history of rammed earth, articulates its importance to the building record of the United States, and describes methods for its preservation, repair, and maintenance.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Peting, Donald
Commitee: Bell, Shannon
School: University of Oregon
Department: Interdisciplinary Studies Program: Historic Preservation
School Location: United States -- Oregon
Source: MAI 51/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: American history, Cultural Resources Management, Architecture
Keywords: Cointereaux, Historic preservation, Nouveau pisé, Pisé de terre, Rammed earth, U.s. earth building
Publication Number: 1538563
ISBN: 978-1-303-11921-7
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