The simple definition of a madrassa is an Islamic theological seminary or law school attached to a mosque, though the terrorist attacks on the United States, led to a perception of madrassas as being antithetic to peace and progress in South Asia, specifically in Pakistan. Some factual research data exists validating such negative perceptions of madrassa but fewer researchers have explored its leadership and their point of view. However historically, madrassa has played a constructive role in developing present civilization, science and technology. This qualitative ethnographic study observed and researched nine madrassas in Pakistan, living the experiences and exploring perceptions of the madrassa environment, teachers and its leadership as participants. These madrassas represent diverse demographic population from affluent neighborhoods to industrial areas, and to squatters outside the city for broader perspective. While ascertaining some existing negative perceptions described in the literature, the study strongly reject madrassas as hotbed of terrorism or in need of outside assistance. Any reforms must be from within. The study also highlighted current trends among ulemas and administrators for madrassa reforms. Such trends must be encouraged and supported. This research study for the first time starts scholarly debate linking the crisis of leadership in South Asia with the madrassa degeneration over the time. Operating in the most difficult conditions, madrassas act as a safe haven for the poor and disadvantaged youth of Pakistan.
|Advisor:||Carvalho, Julio C. De|
|Commitee:||Gonzalez, Matthew D., Salamone, Frank|
|School:||University of Phoenix|
|Department:||Organizat ion and Leadership|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religious education, Political science, South Asian Studies|
|Keywords:||Madrassas, Pakistan, Terrorism|
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