Impact craters are common geomorphological features on Mars. The density of craters is different among various regions. Higher crater density means older terrain. Craters can be divided into two types by the interior morphology: simple and complex. The cavity of Simple craters is bowl-shape, and complex craters display various interior features, such as central peaks. The depth/diameter ratio (d/D) of simple craters is larger than that of complex craters. The transition diameter from simple to complex morphologies ranges between 5 and 10 km, and is commonly cited to be about 7 km in the equatorial regions and 6 km near the poles, but the exact value also could vary with terrain type. In this research, seven regions, Amazonis Planitia, Arabia Terra, Chryse Planitia, Hesperia Planum, Isidis Planitia, Solis/Syria/Sinai Planum, and Terra Sirenum, were selected to investigate the onset diameter of complex craters and the relationship of crater diameter and depth in these regions on Mars in order to understand how the geology affects crater d/D. The analysis revealed that the slopes of the d/D relations are different, and these are linked to the surface material in different regions. The onset diameters in young volcanic regions with stronger material are slightly higher than older volcanic regions, and much higher than that of volatile regions. The research proves the different geological units can affect the morphology and morphometry of craters.
|Advisor:||Barlow, Nadine G.|
|Commitee:||Koerner, Daive W., Trilling, David E.|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|Department:||Physics and Astronomy|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||MAI 51/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Impact crater, Mars, Planetary geology|
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