This descriptive study was designed to examine the relationship between nursing faculty attitudes toward culturally diverse patients and transcultural self-efficacy (perceived confidence in performing transcultural nursing skills). Nursing faculty are the educators of the largest group of health care providers. As such, they can have the greatest impact on student development of cultural competence and the provision of culturally competent care which promotes positive patient outcomes. The Cultural Attitude Scale, the Transcultural Self-Efficay Tool, the Social Desirability Scale and a demographic information sheet were completed by a sample of nursing faculty (N = 65) from a large northeastern public college system. Psychometric evaluation of the instruments indicated reliability. Significant findings were that the older, longer licensed faculty had a more positive attitude toward the White and Asian patient and faculty who received their basic nursing education in the U.S. had a more negative attitude toward the Black patient. A decline in mean scores of attitude over the last 20 years indicated a more negative attitude toward culturally diverse patients. There was no difference in transcultural self-efficacy scores for faculty with formal and/or informal education in transcultural nursing and those with no formal or informal education in transcultural nursing. Recommendations for future research include investigating the variables separately, conducting qualitative and mixed method studies with faculty and instrument refinement and development.
|Commitee:||Jaffe-Ruiz, Marilyn, Nadal, Kevin, Nickitas, Donna, Nokes, Kathleen|
|School:||City University of New York|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-B 74/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Cultural competence, Cultural diversity, Faculty attitudes, Nursing faculty, Transcultural self-efficacy|
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