The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of singing tempo during specific song acquisition of preschool aged children. The study had two research questions: 1. What is the effect of slow and fast singing tempos on preschool children’s performance of musical components (melody, rhythm, and text, individually and combined) of a duple major song over time? 2. Will children’s performance tempo be the same as or similar to the presented instructional tempo?
Participants were randomly assigned by classroom to Tempo Group A (120 beats per minute) or Tempo Group B (60 bpm). A three week pilot study ( N = 14) validated the teaching procedures, recording procedures, and the scoring rubric. During the six week main study, participants ( N = 50) were exposed to the song 30 times. Three judges evaluated individual performance recordings from the pilot study and the individual midpoint and final performances from the main study in three dimensions: melody, rhythm, and text.
Interjudge reliabilities were calculated using a Pearson product moment reliability. Data analysis used a two-way Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) with repeated measures for the individual components and an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures for the composite score. The melodic scores, the rhythmic scores, the text scores, and the composite scores showed statistically significant growth for both groups from the week three recordings to the week six recordings. There was no statistically significant difference between the instructional tempo groups.
The mean of complete performances for both tempo treatment groups moved toward the center of the tempo range (60–120 bpm) Using a t -test, the change in performance tempo from instructional tempo was statistically significant. Further research is needed for specialized groups (English as a Second Language, developmental delays, and different tonalities/meters).
|Commitee:||Christensen, Caryn, Feierabend, John, Oshio, Toko, Saunders, T. Clark|
|School:||University of Hartford|
|School Location:||United States -- Connecticut|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Music, Early childhood education, Music education|
|Keywords:||Instructional tempo, Preschool, Singing, Singing tempo, Tempo|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be